24th September dawned as another tragic day for Pakistan as the country was jolted with a massive Earthquake with 7.7 magnitude, killing hundreds of people in the coastal regions and grounding many mud houses in the remote inaccessible areas.
Soon enough the reports started coming in of the emergence of a new island a few kilometers off the coast, spotted by the local fishermen.
About 60 to 70 feet (18 to 21 meters) high, up to 300 feet (91 meters) wide, and up to 120 feet (37 meters) long, the island shot up within no time brining up several species of fish and octopus along with it. The island is predominantly made up of mud but a few rocks can also be seen. Many of the oceanographers and scientists regarded the emergence as a catastrophe for the marine environment of the region as the island continues to release flammable gases, possibly Methane, killing the marine life in several meters within the sea.
"The seabed near the Makran coast has vast deposits of gas hydrates, or frozen gas having large methane content.” Said Rashid Tabrez, the director-general of the Karachi-based National Institute of Oceanography. "These deposits lay compressed under a sediment bed that is 300m-800m thick. When the plates along the fault-lines move, they create heat and the expanding gas blasts through the fissures in the earth's crust, propelling the entire sea floor to the surface."
But not everyone has the same point of view regarding the notoriety of the new land. Bill Barnhart, a research geophysicist with the U.S. Geological Survey remains skeptical about the stability of the island and remains adamant that the island will disappear within a few months as is one of the most probable features of the mud island all over the world.
"It's a transient feature.”It will probably be gone within a couple of months. It's just a big pile of mud that was on the seafloor that got pushed up." Said Barnhart. He also rejected the notion that the flammable gases can be Methane Hydrates as they are found much deeper off shore.
For the moment, defying all scientific presumptions, the island is standing tall and will gradually slide into a regular feature of the shore line along the Makran, Gwadar coasts. The toxic emissions will also cease as the ocean currents and decreasing pressures of the gas sources will gradually shut off the emissions and the island turn into a promising home of a diversified aquatic life.
South Asian seas are home to almost 34% of the total Coral Reef area in the world. Presence of Coral reefs in Pakistan’s Coastal region was discovered only recently in 2006 during a survey conducted with the collaboration of Pakistan Wetlands Programme and Millport University UK, around Astola Island. The survey identified 17 hard and soft species of Corals and 25 species of organisms which excrete Limestone, major constituent of Coral Reefs.
Coral Reefs play a decisive role in maintaining equilibrium in the aquatic ecosystem of seas and oceans. They provide spawning, nursery, refuge and feeding areas for a large variety of organisms, including economically important crustaceans (e.g. shrimps, spiny lobsters and crabs) and cephalopods (e.g. octopus, squids and cuttlefish) and thus providing revenue for local communities as well as national fishing fleets.
If properly managed, reefs can yield around 15 tons of fish and other seafood per square kilometer each year. The newly formed island will play an important role in providing promising ground for nurturing Coral Reefs along the seas shore of Pakistan.
The ban on Youtube which took effect after the release of the blasphemous movie “Innocence of Muslims” has now been in force for more than a year and is constantly being ignored by those at the helm of affairs.
Unfortunately though, it’s not just the government which has remained tight-lipped over the ban, the mainstream media has also conveniently ignored the ban adding to the misery of a crippled nation which in due course of time has forgotten to speak up for its rights.
The ban seems to have become a constant mockery of the way the successive governments work where they prefer to block the mobile networks as a means of thwarting terrorist attacks rather than utilizing more than a dozen security agencies which have turned into fat slimy leaches sucking on the taxpayers blood.
The current ban is longest-running act of online censorship in Pakistan's history.
So the relevant question in such a scenario would be “why the authorities continue to extend the ban on Youtube when they can effectively block the controversial URL’s on the pattern of other countries say Saudi Arabia”?
Every anomalous strategy or mindless silence towards a pertaining issue has, however, a relevant reason.
Youtube gained widespread recognition in the country when the scandalous spot-fixing Pakistani cricketers Muhammad Asif, Salman Butt and their accomplices were shot through a hidden camera and the footage was later broadcasted on Youtube.
This attracted the common man in Pakistan who probably never had accessed the site before. Followed by the revelations, Youtube became the most easily accessible source of bloopers and blunders of the government officials where one can find the Interior Minister Rehman Malik reciting wrong Surah Akhlaas to the video clips where many politicians can be seen making false promises and chanting fictitious slogans in order to fool their vote bank. Youtube became a nightmare for the politicians where one can find Altaf Hussain threatening to produce some more “bori band Lash” (bodies in bags), while the PMLN and PPP politicians contradicting their own statements and justifying their malefied allegiances.
During this mindless spat of censorship on Youtube, media has largely remained silent leaving many unanswered questions over its role as the flag bearer of the freedom of press. Betraying the trust it has been bestowed upon by the millions of Pakistanis, the mainstream TV channels have turned a blind eye over the endless ban on Youtube.
There are medical students who could have benefitted immensely watching live surgeries performed essentially for educational purposes. There are thousands of engineering students who could have benefitted from the various technical and experimental videos uploaded for better understanding of machines and engines and the usability of the thousands of newly developed techniques in research and development.
There are students of business and commerce and arts and literature who have been barred to access latest information on their respective subjects. Youtube remains one of the single most elaborate source of music, movies, dramas, live shows, documentaries, sports events and autobiographies of famous personalities throughout the history.
Arguably though, there can be hindsight of media’s questionable role during the extended ban on Youtube and its controversial role as a speechless spectator during this struggle.
Controlled by the influential anchor persons and reality show hosts, our TV channels have gradually become a slave to the machinations of these tactful gurus who play a crucial role in the ratings of the channels thereby churning out precious bucks for the wealthy owners. Youtube ripped off some of the famous show hosts where one self-proclaimed religious scholar was seen abusing and cursing off-record while there were anchorpersons who were caught discussing a fabricated interview with their guest. So many other self-proclaimed harbingers of truth, honesty and justice were exposed on the site. These media gurus are often termed as the front line soldiers of democracy, rule of law, and freedom of the press. Lifting the mindless ban on Youtube or to speak up against the ban, however, does not serve their purpose for obvious reasons.
Social media in Pakistan has evolved meteorically in the last five years sending shivers down the spines of the otherwise spineless leaders and capitalist cartels of the country. The mammoth growth in the users of Facebook and Twitter etc has given a new impetus to the concept of access to information and the freedom of expression and it will only be prudent of the present government to lift the ban on Youtube, putting in place a structure where the blasphemous material maybe blocked effectively on the likes of various other Muslim countries in the world.
Haithi Brak, Pakistan
The merciless and ever-pouring Monsoons in the western Himalayas have brought an end to what can be easily described as one of the bloodiest climbing seasons in the history of Mountain climbing in Pakistan. Home of some of the highest and most dangerous peaks in the world, Pakistan is often the destiny of the most celebrated climbers and adventure seekers from all over the world. Despite of the sensitive security conditions Pakistan manages to attract a huge chunk of climbing expeditions owning predominantly to the treasure trove of skyline the country has been blessed with. Rakaposhi aka Mother of Mist-Pakistan
The US State Department like many other western countries has categorized Pakistan as an unsafe destination and renews its travel warning at the beginning of each year since the start of the War on Terror. Fortunately, majority of the climbing enthusiasts have overlooked these warnings and have dared to venture into far north of the country, relying mostly on the unblemished record of the Northern areas of Pakistan. Victims of Nanga Parbat Tragedy-2013
This year, however, their dreams were short-lived.
The summer climb in the country started with the gruesome massacre of 11 foreign tourists at the Base Camp of Nanga Parbat, which shook the entire climbing world leaving an irremovable stain on the history of hospitality and love of the Northern region. The local tourism industry, as small as it may have been, suffered a severe blow and many of the tour operators, mountain guides, trekkers and hoteliers were taken aback as they pondered over the horrific future of tourism in the region. But as it goes in the laws of the fearless and passionate mountain climbers, nothing could have possibly stopped them from travelling to the north, even at the cost of their lives. In total contrast to the widely held post-Nanga Parbat-massacre views, climbers tourists and adventure seekers thronged the Gilgit and Skardu regions, providing valuable subsistence to the local tourism industry of the region. Artur Hajzer
There were however, bigger challenges waiting for these enthusiasts far north. Challenges bigger than the mankind itself.
Gasherbrum-1 Artur Hajzer bows out ! Gasherbrum-1
The first tragedy struck at Gasherbrum-1 where the Polish climbing legend Artur Hajzer went missing in the Japanese Couloir along with his compatriot Marcin Kaczka. One of the ace winter climbers of the country, Artur was among the legendary pack of “Ice Warriors” Wanda Rutkiewicz, Krzysztof Wielicki and Jerzy Kukuczka who conquered the deadly Annapurna for the first time in winters. Artur also spearheaded the successful winter assents of Gasherbrum-1 just last year in the winters.
Trango Towers - North Side of the Baltoro Glacier
Search and rescue operations suffered consecutive halts due to inclement weather and Arutur was later declared dead by the Polish Winter Mountaineering. Artur’s demise is undoubtedly one of the biggest losses of all climbing community in the world.
The 8,047m Gasherbrum-1 was not done yet.
Gasherbrum-1- The Spanish Tragedy ! Martin Walter Schmidt (Marty Schmidt)
The next tragedy struck the sturdy Spanish Gasherbrum-1 Expedition on July 22nd when they attempted to make the final summit push in spite of approaching turbulence in weather.
Eager to bag the peak, the expedition started the final push in the early hours of 21st July from their last camp. Oscar Cadiach and Patxi Goni retreated from around 7000m due to changing weather. Alfredo Garcia and David Lopez also turned back shortly before the summit, while Xevi Gomez, Alvaro Paredes and Abel Alonso made it to the top-only never to be seen again.
The Search and Rescue Operations (SAR) continued relentlessly till the 26th of July followed by an official announcement that the troika is presumed lost and dead.
Kiwi duo declared Lost and Dead at K-2 C2 (6600m) on K2 (Kiwis)
And while G-1 was busy sketching fatal plans of its own, just at a stones-throw-away the Killer Mountain, “K-2” waited quietly for its prey.
Standing at a colossal 8,367m K-2 is known for its hostility towards the climbers lashing them with gale-force winds studded with a tricky layout of crevasses and massive avalanches. It was one of the corporate-commercial show down of some 21 sporadic climbers who started their attempt on July 24th but all retreated to BC in wake of bad weather. The Kiwi dad-and-son duo Marty and Denali Schmidt attempted to conquer the giant all by themselves.
The two continued their climb to Camp-3 on the Abruzzi Ridge. According to the last reports from the Alpine Club of Pakistan Press Release, the duo reached C-3 safely before the BC lost contact with them. High Altitude Porters and Sherpa were sent over to C-3 on 27th who later discovered that the camp was swept away by a massive avalanche and there was no trace of father and son. Iranian BP Team
The Schmidts were known to be excellent climbers and there loss will definitely create a big vacuum for the sports of mountain climbing in New Zealand.
Iranian Broad Peak Tragedy ! Iranian lost climbers on BP
Then there were the fateful Iranians who made the dreadful mistake of climbing down the Broad Peak from the wrong ridge. At altitudes as high as 8000m in the merciless Karakorum, there are no second chances. Three climbers Aidin Bozorgi, Pouya Keivan and Mojtaba Jarahi attempted the new route and scaled the peak successfully only to fall victim of a slight variation in the descending route. They ended up stranded at an altitude of 7500m and made the SOS call through their Thuraya cell phone.
Thomas Laemmle, the famous sports scientist and high altitude physiologist who was on his way back to Skardu after successfully scaling and skiing Gasherbrum-2, when he received the call for a SAR operation. Utilizing two Ecureuil AStar AS 350 helicopter from the Pakistan army (the best high altitude SAR helicopters) Thomas attempted to locate and rescue the three climbers and made several attempts to track the only alive mountaineer who needed evacuation. Later the attempts were abandoned due to bad weather. Thomas Laemmle with Pakistan Army SAR Helicopters
Thomas gave his expert opinion later in the press conference and said,
"I strongly believe none of the three Iranian climbers is alive anymore, due to the high altitude where they are now for one week and dehydration”.
He further added, Broad Peak on the right!
“There is no chance to evacuate their bodies because they are far away from the normal route in an altitude of minimum 7500 m. Helicopters will only evacuate people/bodies up to 5800m. Higher up everything has to be done by humans. There have been evacuations before in this altitude but only on the normal route. We do have two clues where the bodies might be:
1) last Thuraya phone call and
2) yellow spot on a photo.
Both locations are above 7500m off the normal route and 500m in altitude away from the summit and the normal route. No chance for evacuation!”
The climbing season in Pakistan has come to a sad end where many climbers and adventurers lost their lives in the ultimate quest of exploring and pushing the humanly limits of endurance. The winter season will kick off in the month of November where some of the best climbers in the world will attempt the only two remaining 8000ers in the world K-2 and Nanga Parbat for the first winter assent.
Italian High Commission’s tireless efforts to promote environmental conservation in the mighty Himalayas and Karakorum in Pakistan yielded positive results when the Global Change Impact Studies Centre and EvK2Cnr signed a memorandum of understanding. The MOU will facilitate the establishment of regional centers in the Karakorum to conduct extensive research on the geographical terrain. This is the first of its kind agreement signed between the Pakistani Government and an outside body and envisions a wide range of subjects including the layout of the Central Karakorum National Park.
There has been a pressing need to conduct extensive research studies on the massive glacial system the country possess and many of the foreign agencies wanted a platform which would facilitate the said research work in the area.
This MOU will help the establish research centers which will facilitate activities related to scientific and observational studies on climate change. This will enable the researches all over the world to ascertain the causes and effects of Global Warming and its impact on the glacial system of the subcontinent.
The MOU was signed between the Federal Minister for Climate Change Rana M Farooq Saeed Khan, the Director General of the Ministry Javaid Ali Khan and the EvK2Cnr representative Agostina Da Polenza.
“Today was a very important agreement was signed.” said Polenza, “EvK2Cnr received in this case the recognition and interest to cooperate by not just bodies or agencies or the regional governments but by the national government of the entire country like Pakistan.”
The MOU was signed in Islamabad on a day where the federal capital received one of the heaviest downpours of spring after 14 years. The hailstorm lasted for several minutes rolling out a white carpet on the otherwise lush green terrain of the city.
Polenza added, “This agreement was accompanied by one of the most cheerful, exceptionally loud ice storm I have ever witnessed. I could not help but feel the storm as a testament to what is appropriate to continue to study the climate and its stark cambimenti.
EvK2Cnr also presented a layout of the Central Karakorum National Park which will include the high lands of the Khunjerab Pass in the northern-most end of the country. The committee has worked extensively in the past three years to create awareness about the degradation of regional ecology and the aftermath of the disturbance caused by it.
Dragging through the unforgiving Pamir
Welcome to the land of the Afghan- Kyrgyz nomads, some 1200 people living in one of the harshest regions, in the world.
Marred by the regional tensions dating as far back as 150 years, these people were part of the larger population which treaded the legendary silk route from Tajikistan through Afghanistan into modern day Pakistan and China. The sudden culmination of the First World War and the ensuing regional tensions between the Superpowers left an indelible impact on the lives of these poor nomads who were heavily dependent on the meagre volume of trade which existed between the different markets of these countries.
Yak herders enroute to Pakistani Markets
Crossing mountain passes as high as 5000m above sea level, higher than any of the mountain peaks in Alps, these herders primarily depended on their herds of Yak, often touted as the “ship of the Snow”. They have been wondering in the mountain passes of the Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan for thousands of years and were finally condemned to this 350km long Wakhan Corridor which is, at places, just 15kms wide.
one of the overnight stays during the ten-day long journey
The unforgiving winters here last for a gruesome nine months where the temperatures often drop to as low as -30 ° Celsius making it one of the toughest inhabited places in the world. In earlier times, these Kyrgyz people travelled to the greener pastures of the Wakhan Corridor, travelling through the rugged passes of the Pamir in search of greener pastures for their cattle. The Russian Revolution in 1917 cut off part of that route and when the Chinese closed their borders after the revolution in 1949, some Kyrgyz were trapped in this desolate part of the Wakhan Corridor, with their estranged brethren on the other side.
A young couple's camp made out of Yurts, cloth and mud
Compromising with their merciless environment and surroundings, they moulded to an intrinsically nomadic style of living, travelling through most times of the year. They are often seen residing in mud huts, stone caves, and even “Yurts” made of the Yak skin and stones. Trading their Yak Butter (considered more nutritious than the regular butter) and cheese, Yak and goat skins and their precious cattle, these nomads acquire the much needed essentials of life like the flour, tea, coffee, televisions, electronic gadgets, radio etc., from the bustling Pakistani markets across the Pamir. Their journey back to their village across the Wakhan will take another 10 days of intermittent travelling, testing their nerves yet again.
A young bride would cost around 100 sheep
Half of the children born never make it to their fifth birthday and most of the women die while giving birth. There are no doctors and no medical facilities which have forced these nomads to rely heavily on Opium. From toothaches to petulant cancers, these nomads have turned to addicts in hopes of curing their ailments.
The ultimate Kyrgyz status symbol—a Bactrian camel
The Corridor is such a far-flunged place that the decades old Afghan War barely had an impact over the lives of these nomads. Some of the handful foreigners who have been able to make it to these places have narrated their observations about this land regarding these people as rich and affluent with abundance of cattle and dairies.
Tending their precious assets
“Though paper money is almost non-existent, many camps’ herds contain hundreds of valuable animals, including the horses and donkeys used for transportation. The basic unit of Kyrgyz currency is a sheep. A cell phone costs one sheep. A yak costs about ten sheep. A high quality horse is 50. A going rate for a bride is 100”. says Michael Finkel, the National Geographic Photographer who lived with these nomads for several months.
Out of the 32 sub-species of wolves, two are believed to be found in Pakistan. These include the Tibetan Wolf (Canis Lupus Chanco) and the Indian Grey Wolf (Canis Lupus Panllipes).
In Pakistan the Tibetan Wolf inhabits the barren Rocky valleys Baltistan, Gilgit, Hunza, Chitral, Upper Swat and Khunjerab National Park. The Grey Wolf is found in deserts of Cholistan, Tharparkar and lower hills of Baluchistan.
Currently, Grey Wolf is also found in Kirthar National Park, Chumbi Surla Wildlife Sanctuary, Hazar Ganji Chiltan National Park, Hingol National Park, Dureji Game Reserve and Lal Sohanra National Park.
The Grey Wolf is a habitual roamer and occasionally occurs in almost any type of habitat but generally avoids natural forest regions as well as densely populated areas. It is mainly confined to remotely barren hilly regions and extensive deserts.
The Grey Wolf inhabits open plains (Semi-arid grasslands, Scrublands, Grazing land) whereas other large Carnivores and forest dwellers. Their territories range from 150-300kms and are a function of prey and denning terrain availability. The Grey Wolf lives in burrows generally in the sand hills and under the tree roots.
The Grey Wolf largely depends on Livestock, primarily goats and sheep and even small rodents such as rats and hare. They are persecuted by shooting because of depredation on domestic goats and sheep and their population is on a steep decline.
The expansion of agricultural activities into marginal areas, including open plains, result in loss of habitat. Decline in habitat occur due to high human population, land use patterns, development activities, grazing pressure, deforestation and poor-prey availability.
Currently the Grey Wolf has been declared endangered by IUCN Taxon Data Sheet 2003 and Pakistan Red List of Mammals 2005.
Urial is one of the natural prey specie but illegal Trophy hunting and poaching for the past several years has severely affected the Urial population subjecting the wolves to attack the domestic animals.
Disturbance in the habitat of both Urial and Grey Wolf through firing and military exercises has also affected their population particularly in the region of Salt Ranges in Jhelum.
The local people reported that majority of the livestock killing were outside the enclosures but in some of the cases the wolf attacked inside the fence which was three to four metre high.
· The potential habitat should be protected for the conservation of Grey Wolf.
· Habitat should be protected with prohibition on collection of forest products, domestic livestock grazing, forest fires, and other human activities.
· Conducting research studies using high tech gadgets like the motion sensor cameras and Night Vision sensors etc to ascertain the population of wolves in the country.
· Paying compensation to the owners of livestock killed by wolf and imparting proper education about the importance of ecological balance and the necessity of canines at the top of the Food chain.
· Enforcing legal protection by Wildlife Department and Forest Department.
· Encouraging public support and environmental education and awareness.
Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa (KPK) in general and the once thriving city of Peshawar in particular, have long been drooling in a state of confusion stemming right out of the bloody War on Terror which has now entered its 13th successive year.
The extremists took hold of the cultural reigns of the region at the beginning of last decade, altogether changing the way that people have led their lives for centuries. The following years witnessed several Cinemas gutted down, traditional festivities gradually faded into darkness and there was nothing left but an eerie silence of fear and restlessness among the scared Peshawarities.
The General Elections in the later years brought the Islamists into power further tightening the noose around those who have been striving to bring some sense in the declining cultural norms of the province.
The reign ended in 2008 bringing in moderates into power and although the Awami National Party did not prove to be any less corrupt and inefficient, it has managed to rekindle the dwindling Pakhtun Identity in the region.
Mushtaq Ahmed, one of the only Rabab maker left in the city narrated his ordeal of how he has been able to hang in with his diminishing skill of Rabab making.
“There was a time when a Pathan’s hujra (guestroom) would be incomplete without a chillum (pipe) and Rabab, but now trends have changed,” said Mushtaq. “The law and order situation in the city has greatly affected my business”, he added.
“When security problems worsened in Peshawar and cultural events came to a halt, the instrument lost its place in the public realm,” said Malik Nisar, a rabab player in Peshawar. “New musicians love Rababs and some even buy it these days”.
Cultural Minister Mian Iftikhar Hussain inaugurated the Pashto Cultural Museum at the University of Peshawar, on December 4th, further strengthening the hope of the stricken Peshawarites.
The Museum will work towards the promotion of Pakhtun cultural identities ranging from handicrafts, traditional dresses, lifestyles, ancient weapons, jewelry and musical instruments.
Dr. Salma Shaheen, the curator of the museum lamented the dearth of such facilities across the province where the new generation can have the chance to see and learn the true colours of their fading culture.
Dr. Shaheen said that the museum will provide the necessary impetus for the betterment of Pashto language, literature, history, art and other fields of study.
The museum had been a work-in-progress since 2006. The foundation stone of the museum was laid down by then governor Ali Mohammad Jan Orakzai in October of the same year, with funding provided by the Higher Education commission.
Hussain lauded the hard work done by Dr. Shaheen, the University’s Vice Chancellor Qibla Ayaz and other people involved in the creation of the museum.
He said, “The museum is a very good initiative that also highlights the services of those who have rendered sacrifices for Pakhtuns in the past”.
The Fashion Show organised by the Iqra National University, Peshawar Campus, also created ripples when several beautiful models walked down the aisle, showcasing the latest fashion trends in the country.
Peshawar’s bold leap in fashion was arranged at Deane Trade Centre on December 5th and was attended by several dignitaries and fashion icons of the country.
As the Great Inoki revisits Pakistan after a lapse of 36 years, the name has rung so many bells in the minds of all those who have been caught up in an imaginary showdown between Inoki and the Great Gamma since their childhood, where the later came out victorious and invincible as ever.
Although no such fight between the two legendary wrestlers ever took place, the two giants from the world of wrestling have mesmerized children providing them all the necessary material for fantasies. Inoki still considers Gamma as one of the most revered wrestlers of all times.
Having recently embraced Islam, Muhammad Hussain Inoki (formerly known as Antonio Inoki) is on a state visit of the country on a personal invitation of the Chief Minister of Punjab Mr. Shahbaz Sharif.
Inoki arrived in Lahore on December 1t and has met several dignitaries in his weeklong visit. He was then taken to Peshawar where he was given a warm welcome by thousands of fans in the Qayyum Sports Complex on Wednesday , Dec 5th.
Inoki and his team of wrestlers entertained the spectators with their fine display of professional wrestling skills, winning praise from the crowd of Peshawarites who have long forgotten this entertainment in the bleak security scenario in the province.
Inoki lauded the arrangements and praised the warm welcome he has received during his stay in the country and vowed to launch a training academy in the country.
Inoki said that he would deliver peace message from Pakistan through the successful holding of wrestling event. “By having world’s best grapplers in action in Lahore I will be promoting the freestyle game in Pakistan,” said Inoki. “The Pakistan wrestlers of full of talent and all they need is proper training. I will dig out the talent and provide them freestyle training to the selected wrestlers so that they would compete at international level,” he added.
The 6.4 feet Yokohama native started his professional wrestling career at the age of 17 from the Japanese Wrestling Association. From the years 1966 to 1972, Inoki kept switching professional wrestling careers from Japan to United States and finally joined the New Japan Pro Wrestling and defeated WWF Champion Bob Backlund in the year 1979.
Inoki has been rated as one of the few free style wrestles who have not confined themselves to only one form of wrestling.
Inoki faced many opponents from all dominant disciplines of combat from various parts of the world, such as Boxers, Judoka, Karateka, Kungfu practitioners, Sumo Wrestlers and wrestlers.
He also challenged Muhammad Ali in 1976 where the bout ended in a draw.
Inoki announced his Retirement from professional Wrestling in the year 1996 and was inducted in the WWE Hall of Fame being the only Japanese to receive the accolade.
Inoki also revealed that he has been warned not to visit the country in wake of the fragile security situation but his past visits and his old acquaintances in the country provided him the assurances.
“I have been to Pakistan on four occasions during the period from 1976 to 1984. Now I was being asked not to visit Pakistan because of security threats but I have deep attachment with Pakistan so I said that I would like to see for myself that how much dangerous this country is,” he maintained. “But everything is good here and we are enjoying our stay”.
Earlier, Inoki and the team of 10 wrestlers visited the graves of Akram Pahlwan and Jhara Pahlwan at Mohni Road, Lahore and paid homage.
Talking about his conversion to Islam, he said that he embraced Islam in 1990 in Iraq but still do not know completely about Islam but wish to know as much as he can.
Dr. Karl Gabl, the ace Meteorologist who has saved countless lives with his precise weather updates, is one of the necessary consultants on every high profile expedition in the climbing world. His anomalously accurate and spot-on weather reports has helped innumerable climbers and mountaineers to finalize their schedule and avoid unforeseen circumstances which could have easily claimed their lives.
Gabl is an Austrian meteorologist and mountaineer . He is known to the court counselor and meteorology experts for his weather reports ORF in regional studio Tyrol and its forecasts for high altitude climbers in the world.
Born on December 21st, 1946, Gabl started off as a climber and completed his training as a mountain guide. He successfully claimed several peaks in the Alps both the smaller ones as well as the bigger ones including Monte Rosa and the north walls of the Ortler , King Peak and Big pinnacle. He was also able to succesfully ski descent from Noshak, the highest mountain in Afghanistan (7485m).
Alongside fullfilling his passion for climbing, Gabl continued his studies and graduated from the University of Innsbruck in Meteorology and acquired his Ph.D. in Meteorology and Philosophy in the year 1976. He was elected as the head of regional office in Innsbruck the Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics("ZAMG"). He kept the lead until he retired at the end of 2011.
Gabl’s weather reports gained immense importance with the start of Winter Alpinisim in the year 1987. Wit his precise predictions regarding the wind speed and temperature forecasts at high altitudes, he played elementary role in the success of various expeditions on the trecherous 8000ers in Himalayas and Karakorum.
Italian climber Simone Moro, considered as the finest Winter climber in the world, hailed Gabl’s predicitons during his attempt at Makalu in the year 2009 and again at Gasherbrum-2 in 2011.
Moro said while attempting for the Makalu peak in 2009,“ The weather is perfect, no clouds, but still strong wind above 7000 meters. Who say that? Karl Gabl, our forecast” guru” of Innsbruck. The weather forecast is like the faith in GOD. Or you believe in Him or not. Believe only sometimes is the worst think in Alpinism, so since the beginning of the expedition I decided to believe completely and follow the Karl Gabl’s forecast as I did since 2003”.
In his capacity as a Meteorologist at ZAMG he supplied annually 50-60 expeditions with free forecasts.
Gabl is married with two children. He lives in Innsbruck.
As the vicious Hurricane Sandy continues to pound the Eastern Seaboard of the United States and Canada, scientists and common people are driven to re-emphasize the affects of Global Warming all over the world. Scientific discussions and studies have led to the mutually agreed fact that the storms and Hurricanes are a natural phenomenon and have little to do with any changes imparted by the warming of the climate on a larger scale.
However, a very few of these scientists disagree over the fact that the fierceness of these storms have a direct correlation with the increased atmospheric temperatures all over the world.
It now appears that the forewarnings for the destructive capabilities of the Hurricane Sandy were colossally underestimated. With a death toll of 50 people, the States of New York and New Jersey have already been declared in the state of emergency and some 7 million people are facing power shortage due to the precautionary shutdown of two Nuclear Reactors in the region.
The scientific reasoning for the intensity of the perpetual storms in the region still points towards the destabilized atmospheric changes, particularly triggered by the emissions of Greenhouse Gases all over the world. There are, at the same time, a handful of experts who point towards the growing Glaciers in the Karakorum’s in Pakistan, which have confused the peace activists and Environmentalists all over the world.
The mind-boggling growth of the glacial system in the rugged Karakorum in Pakistan has attracted numerous scientists over the years, who have confirmed that the system is growing in bulk even when the neighboring glaciers in the Himalayas are following the shrinking patterns like the rest of the glacial systems in the world.
“There’s no question that Karakoram glaciers are holding their own, but exactly why that is, we don’t know,” Kenneth Hewitt, a geographer at Wilfred Laurier University in Waterloo, Ontario.
A team of French scientists from the National Center for Scientific Research and the University of Grenoble led by glaciologist Julie Gardelle, used satellite images to study the mountains, which are almost entirely inaccessible. The team reported that the Glaciers in Karakorum have increased in size by 0.11 and 0.22 meters of ice each year. Their study comprised of Satellite data from the year 1999 to 2008.
One of the many logical reasons given to the increasing size of this Glacial System, is the layer of thick Moraines that cover the glaciers, providing a natural insulator from the outside temperatures.
“We don’t really know the reason,” Ms Gardelle said. “Right now we believe that it could be due to a very specific regional climate over Karakoram because there have been meteorological measurements showing increased winter precipitation; but that’s just a guess at this stage”.
The glaciers in Karakorum, the most notable Baltoro, Biafo and Siachen, are some of the longest glaciers in the world after the Polar Caps. They are not only the biggest Fresh Water sources in the Sub-Continent but have also a dire impact on the Ecology and Economy of the Countries dependent on the fresh water sources.
According to estimates, some 1.3 Billion people are dependent on the fresh waters from this Glacial System.