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Northern areas of Pakistan: Hot bed of precious gemstones and Minerals

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Adventurers and trekkers from world over can hardly resist the qualms of venturing in the unspoiled and rugged territories of Northern Pakistan, primarily for the breathtaking sights and to witness the highest mountain ranges in the world up close and personal.

Many however, remain oblivious of the fact that these mountain ranges are also home of some of the precious gems and stones in the world.

The geological change that occurred some 50-million years ago, creating these massive mountain ranges, is also known to be the primary reason why these places are rich in gemstones. Various rock formations and minerals were subjected to several thousand tons of pressure originating from the movement of tectonic plates, thereby reducing these rocks to gemstones and rare compounds.


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Some of these rare precious stones, extensively used in jeweler industry includes Peridot, Aquamarine, Topaz (various colors: violet and pink, golden and champagne), Ruby, Emerald, rare-earth minerals Bastnaesite and Xenotime, Sphene, Tourmaline, and many varieties and types of Quartz.

Government’s negligence in the promotion and excavation of these gems forced the local populace to search for these precious gems on their own, resulting in what could be effectively termed as the “San Francisco Gold Rush” of Pakistan.

Ill-equipped and oblivious of the mining techniques, these people used explosives to initiate diggings and blasting and distributing the costs that may incur during the mining period.

Eventually realizing the importance of the hidden wealth right under its nose, Gemstones Corporation of Pakistan was established in 1979 to effectively explore Pakistan’s own share of wealth in minerals and to facilitate gemstone mining and business in Pakistan.

The GCP was dissolved in 1997 in wake of administrative hiccups and corruption and the task was later assigned to Trade Development Authority of Pakistan (formerly Export Promotion Bureau) and All Pakistan Commercial Exporters.


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Since 1994, the annual Pakistan Gems and Mineral Show has been held in Peshawar with their joint collaboration, during four days in October. It has not as yet, however, attracted any potential buyers from abroad. Its few stalls on display cannot fulfill any of the requisite needs of experienced buyers from abroad, especially the USA and Europe. 

Mining Areas

The few potential/major gemstone mining areas in Pakistan are: (only major gemstones yielded are mentioned)

Northwest Frontier Province

Swat (Malakand division) – Emerald, various types of quartz, and epidote

Dir (Malakand division) – Corundum and quartz

Mansehra (Hazara division) – Corundum and smoky quartz

Kohistan (Hazara division) – Peridot

Peshawar district (Frontier province) – Quartz with astrophyllite/reibeckite fiber inclusions, xenotime, and bastnaesite.


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Federally Administered Tribal Areas

Mohmand Agency – Emerald, clinozoisite, sphene, and epidote

Bajaur Agency – Emerald, garnet, and orange-colour scapolite

Khyber Agency – Quartz with astrophyllite/reibeckite fibers inclusions, xenotime, and bastnaesite

North and South Waziristan Agencies – Faden quartz, diamond quartz, phantom quartz, chlorite-included quartz, and window quartz

Northern Areas

Chilas (Diamer district) – Alluvial diopside, zircon, rutile quartz, aquamarine, and tourmaline

Gilgi , Hunza, and Shigar (Gilgit district) – Aquamarine, topaz (golden and white), emerald (new find), ruby, pollucite, rutile quartz, morganite, apatite, spinel, and pargasite

Shengus, Stak Nala, and Tormiq Nala (Baltistan Skardu Road, Baltistan district) – Aquamarine, topaz, tourmaline, apatite, sphene, morganite, and quartz

Shigar Proper (near Skardu, Baltistan district) – Apatite, zoisite, rutile quartz, epidote, and morganite

Childee, Kashmal, and Yuno (Shigar area, near Skardu, Baltistan district) – Aquamarine, emerald-colour tourmaline, apatite, morganite, topaz, and quartz

Hyderabad, Testun, Dassu, Net Tahirabad, and Goyungo (Shigar area, Baltistan district) – Topaz (best golden colour here), aquamarine, tourmaline, morganite, rare earth minerals, apatite, quartz, and new find emerald

Appu Aligund, Fuljo, Braldu, Bashu, and Karma (Baltistan district) – Tourmaline, aquamarine, garnets,diopside, ruby, pargasite, emerald, topaz, amethyst, scheelite, and quartz

Khappalu and near Siachin area (Gaanshai area, Baltistan district) – Aquamarine, amethyst, and fine golden rutile quartz


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Baluchistan Province

Kharan district – Brookite, anatase, and quartz

Chaman (near Quetta) – Diamond quartz, window quartz, quartz on prehnite-base, and faden quartz included by chlorite

Websites

Pakistan

Trade Development Authority of Pakistan: http://www.tdap.gov.pk

See also:

A Letter from Pakistan: True adventure from Pala International’s daring suppliers

Pakistan: 2006 – A Year in Review

Pakistan Update – 8/15/07


Categories: News

100 replies »



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  7. Dear Sir,
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    • Hi sir,I am from Pakistan I want to do business but I have not monney for it,my house is also pluged so I am in problems if you can help please help me and you can also check my statement from my city v thanks my contact mobile number is +923209560072

  8. hi everyone, is there anyone who belong to northern area and can provide gems stone?? simply lets work as a team, do contact me if anyone is interested and have experience, kamransaeedanwar gmail

    • Dear Sir,
      My name is Fred Frank. I’m originally from Sierra Leone. I’m currently based in South Africa as a diamond broker.(Durban) I’m sending this mail to you, since i have a lot of business opportunities in diamonds, which i believe that you could assist me to market. To be more specific, I’m talking about rough diamonds from Angola, which i believe that in your country we can do a lot.
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      Fred Frank.
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      Tel: + 27-78-711-0619.

      • Contact me I will promote your business in my country I am from Pakistan and kindly tell me that you want to sale diamonds ? My mobile number is +923209560072 thanks

    • Dear Sir,
      My name is Fred Frank. I’m originally from Sierra Leone. I’m currently based in South Africa as a diamond broker.(Durban) I’m sending this mail to you, since i have a lot of business opportunities in diamonds, which i believe that you could assist me to market. To be more specific, I’m talking about rough diamonds from Angola, which i believe that in your country we can do a lot.
      Please contact me to see how best we can establish a reliable link, because i assure you that i can supply, all i need from you is the right market to sale, if you are not the direct buyer. Best regards,
      Fred Frank.
      Alternative email: davidmark42@yahoo.com
      Tel: + 27-78-711-0619.

    • Dear Sir,
      My name is Fred Frank. I’m originally from Sierra Leone. I’m currently based in South Africa as a diamond broker.(Durban) I’m sending this mail to you, since i have a lot of business opportunities in diamonds, which i believe that you could assist me to market. To be more specific, I’m talking about rough diamonds from Angola, which i believe that in your country we can do a lot.
      Please contact me to see how best we can establish a reliable link, because i assure you that i can supply, all i need from you is the right market to sale, if you are not the direct buyer. Best regards,
      Fred Frank.
      Alternative email: davidmark42@yahoo.com
      Tel: + 27-78-711-0619.

    • Dear Sir,
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  9. hi everyone, is there anyone who belong to northern area and can provide gems stone?? simply lets work as a team, do contact me if anyone is interested and have experience, kamransaeedanwar gmail.com

  10. . We are suppliers of quality Gemstones of all sorts like; Tourmaline, Diamond, sapphire, Emerald , Precious & Semi-Precious Stones, Gemstones and Zodiac Stones and so on . Our products are very cheap and we can offer you free samples for you to confirm on our quality if you should have interest in our products . Kindly contact us back for pictures and more details at langpwe@gmail.com
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  11. dear reader and interested in gems and industrial stone please contact me via my email or via my cell no 03439171288.i am geologist and also doing research on precious minerals of pakistan.i can guide you on behalf of my field knowledges.

  12. We are interested in “Ruby, Emerald, Sapphires, Alexandrite, Jadeite n Blue Garnet” each stone least 5-Carat. We wish to buy 1st minimum 2-Pices each. If quality n price will be within reason – may develop long term business. Please note: If any one of the above stones you don’t have tell us honestly. Our concentration is to promote stones available in Pakistan. Thank you

  13. Geological Exploration must be carried out in sustainable manner, protect the environment we all share & leave it healthy sustainable for next generation; We offer Geological survey & Drilling Advice for the same contact at hydrodrill@cyber.net.pk

  14. Hi i am suhail ahmed from gilgit city and i found some precious gemstone like laid,antymony,etc now i want to show for all interested people or companies plz visit GB areas and contact with me my contact numbers are…03449877234
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      • call me if you intrested in gemstone we are deal in all types of gemstones rough & cutt 00923214187409

      • Hi Buddy if you seriously interested in any kind of gems stone kindly contact me on my e.mail..we have a big variety of all stones ..i see in UK mostly sells pendents …i will show u some pic if you seriously interested to take some stuff Bless Thanks..

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  15. HI
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  16. I am interested to know about the Gem & Mineral show in Pakistan where & when also more about north west mountains & Gems

    • Nothern Areas of Pakistan have the largest concentration of worlds highest mountains in the world in a short area of about 100 sq kms. Besides, it also has a UNIQUE POINT where four major mountain series meet. This junction is short of Gilgit. Areas ahead of Gilgit are devoid trees but have beautiful peaks all around. Its a place worth seeing and enjoying.

    • hi,my name is kamran khan iam frm khyber agency i found some precious stone in our mountains i like to show these stones in foreign market.my number is +92 3025539688

    • Hi Michael Harrison
      Gems shows are organized by Pakistan Gems and Jewelry Development company of Pakistan, the managment of Abdali Gemstones are also planning to organize such a show in near future please keep in touch you will be intimated accordingly before the show well in advance
      Nawaz
      Abdali Gemstones Pakistan

    • Hi m SB khan from narth pk Hunza if anybody wants to bey ani kind of mineral gemstone wisit us directly we at miners.

      • I want to buy some gem stone at wholesale prices.please contact me at my email address as soon as possible.thank you

      • I am interested to purchasing precious stones; mainly rubies, emeralds, and diamonds. Please send me pictures and and details of whatever inventory you currently have. I prefer rough/uncut stones but I am interested in finished stones as well.

      • I am interested to purchasing precious stones; mainly rubies, emeralds, and diamonds. Please send me pictures and and details of whatever inventory you currently have. I prefer rough/uncut stones.

    • Dude im from North west province malakand ….. recently i been to chitral city i know a lot of gemstone area and gold mining areas there where are all most rarely explored ….a few friends of mine went to the part of chitral where there is mountains ranges full of gold, diamonds and different gems stones…last time i collected a lot of stones and gold while visiting those areas. if you really want to know i would love to inform you.

    • plz im resident of malakand batkhela area, and i know a lot of areas where these gems stones. but unluckily i don’t have much resources to mine…there areas full of supreme quality of emrald,quads,sephires, diamonds and gold. last i visited an area of upper chitral with my friends and we collected some gems stones and gold….if you need more information im your guy 🙂

    • A gems and mineral show will be held in the month of December 2016. Exact day and schedule will be intimated you soon please be contact for more detail please visit my whatsups +92333 949 3034

    • I belongs from the northern areas of pakistan i.e Gilgit Baltistan.We have our own mines oof Different gemstones like Ruby,Aquamarine,Spinal etc.At this time we have some Ruby lots in our collection.interested plz contact me
      whatsApp,imo
      0092-312-2196790
      email/; asif.nagri8@gmail.com

      • Kindly let me know about the variety available with you i am ready to purchase those gemstones.

    • Pakistan northern frontier’s underground wealth is estimated to exceed 600 billion dollars conservatively speaking. However, there are hardly any institutions, entities, or creative thinkers in entire Pakistan who could come up with a practical solutions of how to monetize these resources and undertake the advanced technology to exploit them. Someone with a practical approach and knowledge of finding international funding to undertake this ambitious project can make it happen but the biggest elephant in the room is… Pakistani Corruption! If this elephant can be handled with proper care to control it then it’s perhaps possible! …a big IF!