Wild Boars of Pakistan: Thriving in a hostile environment 

PictureWild Boars in the brush

Wild boars are found all over Pakistan, and are one of its major agricultural pests, gobbling their way through millions of dollars of wheat and sugarcane crops. In Punjab province in the 1980s, the government initiated a bounty system whereby villagers were paid for each tail they delivered, but it was discontinued for lack of funds.

The Indian Wild boar prefers area with thick vegetation. They are found in reed beds as well as scrub and forest areas and are often found living in the vicinity of larger cities of Pakistan. In Pakistan the wild boar is common in the Indus riverian forest throughout the provinces of Punjab and Sind. Increased sugar plantation has increased the wild boar population in some areas of Punjab so high that they are now considered a pest. 

PictureEarly morning in the suburbs of Islamabad

Numbers in Sind have declined, but it is not endangered and is still found in good numbers. Wild boars are plentiful in the forest plantations of Changa Manga and Piranwala.

They are common in Margalla Hills and are regularly seen on the streets of Islamabad, despite government efforts to control their population. Each night, packs of the hairy beasts emerge from Islamabad’s river beds, parks and scrubland to riffle through the overflowing rubbish bins of its mostly wealthy residents and growing number of restaurants.

PictureA Proud Hunter

City authorities are laying poison and have announced free hunting permits to cull the wild pigs’ numbers. But to make sure residents don’t get caught in the crossfire, they only allow shotguns. There have been few takers. Hunters are wary of getting arrested by the police, or even worse, getting mistaken for a terrorist.

PictureAnd another

Description: Wild boars are not found in the higher hill ranges in the north of the country. They are rare in Kohat and Peshawar. Despite government efforts to reduce Wild boar populations, by using pesticides and hunting there has been no significant effect on the population of wild boars in Pakistan, and they are increasing in many areas of Punjab.

The brownish coat is coarse and bristly, usually turning grayish with age. The face, cheeks, and throat are slightly grizzled with whitish hairs. The back is rounded and the legs are relatively long, especially in northern subspecies. Young are born with a pattern of light stripes along their torso, known as livery. These fade between the second and sixth month, reaching adult coloration at one year of age. The wart less head is long and pointed. The upper canines form tusks which curve out and upwards. The lower canines are like razors, self-sharpening by rubbing against the upper canines. The tail is long with a simple tuft.

PictureLotus Fields in Punjab

Social Behavior: Activity is concentrated from dusk to dawn, with a primary resting period at night and a “siesta” during the early afternoon. Wild boars rest in tight groups with bodily contact. The resting place, used several times before being abandoned, is made of numerous troughs lined with leaves and branches. Wild boar are excellent swimmers, and have been documented swimming between offshore islands up to 7 km / 4 miles apart. Wallowing is a favorite activity, taking place several times during each summer afternoons in muddy waterholes. In winter, this frequency drops to about once per week. After wallowing, the wild boar rubs against trees and bushes, an activity that acts as a territorial marker. Ten different vocalizations have been distinguished, and each mother can recognize her own offspring be voice. Maternal families averaging 20, but with a maximum of 100 animals, adult males solitary. Wild boars are very short tempered and can sometimes be very dangerous.

Diet: Seeds, roots, tubers, fruit, nuts, carrion, eggs, insects. In short – ANYTHING.

4 thoughts on “Wild Boars of Pakistan: Thriving in a hostile environment 

  1. I think pakistan should introduce some tigers in forest to reduce wild bore population

  2. That is brutality to kill them. But in Pakistan every thing is being killed on the name of Religion

    1. You have not sown crops on your fields… And you don’t know the nature of damage that hurts small farmer like me… When they up root the crop and finishes the hard work and money invested in crops… Then u might not say that killing them.is bad…

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